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Sant Naamdev

13th century, Maharashtra.

The Muslims had invaded India. The state of the common Hindu was pathetic. Naamdev saw the rift in Hindus created by the class system. He understood that this rift would make it difficult for people to come together against the invaders. To bring people together, he traveled to north India. He lived in Punjab for 20 years. Many Hindi verses written by Naamdev were later included in the GuruGranth Sahib by the Punjabis who were impressed by this son of Maharashtra.

Source: "Ghas Ghei Panduranga" by Ravindra Bhat

Life

Damashetty and Gonai lived in Pandharpur. A tailor by profession, he was a devotee of Lord Vithal. Naamdev was their only son. Since childhood, Naamdev was atracted to Vithal. (A story goes that, as a child Naamdev offered food to Vithal. The lord moved by the child’s devotion, ate the food.) He remained attached to Vithal, and sang songs in the praise of his lord. As Naamdev grew up, he started helping his father with tailoring. At a young age, Naamdev was married and his responsibilities grew with birth of children.

Young Naamdev heard about Dnyaneshwar, and was eager to meet him. They met when Dnyaneshwar visited Pandharpur with his brothers and sister. During this visit many other saints especially Gora Kumbhar commented that though Naamdev was a great devotee of Vithal, he was incomplete without a Guru’s blessings.

Naamdev left Pandharpur in search of a Guru. Here is a story about how he met his Guru: Once during his travel, a tired Naamdev was sitting in a temple. There he saw a feeble old man keeping his feet on a Shivlinga. Angred by such insult of the Shivalinga, he asked the old man to remove his feet. The old man replied, "I have no strength to move. Why don’t you keep my feet where the Lord does not exist?" Naamdev lifted the man’s feet and wherever he tried to keep it a new Shivalinga sprang up! Whether the story is true or false, the point is this old man taught Naamdev that Lord existed everywhere. The old man was none other than Visoba Khechar, a disciple of Dnyaneshwar. Naamdev became a disciple of Visoba.

Contemporary Vithal devotees like: Dnyaneshwar, Sawata Mali, Gora Kumbhar, Chokhamela gathered in Pandharpur at Naamdev’s place. They traveled together to Orrisa, Andhra, Madhya Pradesh, and Gujrat and then returned to Pandharpur.

Naamdev continued his work of uplifting the lower classes and preaching love for god in Pandharpur. He initiated great disciples like Chokhamela, and Parisa Bhagwat.

Naamdev was now 60 years old. Muslims had invaded Maharashtra. With the rift between the different classes, he saw that Hindus coming together against the invaders was difficult. He then decided to travel north and preach people of equality. He learnt Hindi, the language commonly spoken in the northern parts of India. Traveling via Vrindavan, Mathura he settled in Ghuman (Punjab). He stayed there for nearly 20 years. He found many followers in Punjab. Many of his verses were later included in the GuruGranth Sahib.

Naamdev returned to Pandharpur, when he was about 80 years old. Soon he left this world to unite with his Lord Vithal.

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Poems

These are some works by Naamdev in Hindi. I am searching for his verses in Guru Granth Sahib to be included here.
*    XwY n[`m{ Z§Xbmbm
*    EH$¡ ]nRbm gaZ¡
Naamdev's works in Marathi.
*   AmH$ë[ Am`wî`, ìhmd{ Ë`m H$wim
*   AmVm _mPr nM§Vm, VwO Zmam`Um
*   [njUr à^mVr, Mma`mgr Om`{
*   X{h Omdm{ AWdm amhm{
*   Oir ]wS]wS{ X{IVm
*   ne§[r`mÀ`m H$wir OÝ_ _mPm Pmbm
*   nH¬ñZm gm§^mb A[wë`m Jm`r
*   ^n·VndU{ nOU{, Oim{ bmnOadmU{
*   _m§Oa{ H${br {EH$mXer
*   gXJwé dmMm{Zr Zm_ Z `{ hmVm
*   Vy _mPr _mCbr
*   Zm_mMm JOa, JO©{ ^r_mVra



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XwY n[`m{ Z§Xbmbm &&
H$mbm ]Nam H$n[bm Jm`r,
XwY XwhmdV Zm_m Om`r &&
gm{Z{H$m JSdm XwYZ{ ^na`m,
n[`m{ Zmam`U AmJ{ Yna`m &&
à^yOr H$r _waV XwY Zm n[dV,
nga [Nma Zm_m am{dV &&
E{gm ^JV _¡ H$]y Z [m`m,
Zm_X{dZ{ X{d hgm`m &&

****

EH$¡ ]nRbm gaZ¡ Oma{
OZ_ dm`m H$m X¡mSm a{ ?
nVaW¡ nVaW¡ H$m nh§Sm a{
bQ·`m Sm{`m H$m _w§Sm a{ ?
\$m{H$mMr`m VwbNr dhm a{
Üawgnafm [X Om{Sm a{ &&
Zm_¡m ^U{ dm{ X{d` hna
E{gm{ ^JVH$m nanU`m a{ &&

****

AmH$ë[ Am`wî`, ìhmd{ Ë`m H$wim
_mnP`m gH$im, hnaÀ`m Xmgm &&
H$ë[Z{Mr ]mYm, Z hm{ H$m{U{ H$mir
hr g§V_§Sir, gyIm Ag{ &&
Ah§H$mamMm dmam, Z bmJm{ amOgm
_mnP`m ndîUwXmgm, ^mndH$mgr &&
Zm_m åhU{ V`m Agmd{ H$ë`mU
O`m _wIr nZYmZ, [m§Swa§J &&

****

AmVm _mPr nM§Vm, VwO Zmam`Um
én·_Ur a_Um, dmgwX{dm &&
Сm[Xr g§H$Qr, dó{ [wandbr
Ymd Ëdm K{Vbr, JO{§Ðmgr &&
C[_Ý`m Amir, Vwdm [wandbr
ATi [Xr nXbr, dñVr Üawdm &&
Zm_m åhU{ H$am, H$éUm H${edm
Vw _mPm ndgmdm, [m§Swa§Jm &&

****

[njUr à^mVr, Mma`mgr Om`{
n[by dmQ [mh{, C[dmgr &&
VmÝh{ dËg Kar, ]m§nYb{g{ X{dm
V`m hX©`r Ymdm, _mCbrMm &&
V¡g{ _mP{ _Z, Yar dm{ VwPr Am§g
MaU am̧nXdg, nM§nVVg{ &&
Zm_m åhU{ H${edm, Vy _mPm gm{`am
PnU _O Z Aìh{am, AZmWZmWm &&

****

X{h Omdm{ AWdm amhm{
[m§Sya§Jr ÐyT ^mdm{ &&
MaU Z gm{Sr gd©Wm
AmU VwPr [§Tar ZmWm &&
dXZr VwP{ _§Jb Zm_
hwX`r AI§SrV à{_ &&
Zm_m åhU{ H${ed ZmWm
H${bm [U Mmbdr _mPm &&

****

Oir ]wS]wS{ X{IVm X{IVm
jU Z bJVm nXg{ZmVr &&
V¡gm hm g§gma [hVm [hVm
A§VH$mir hmVm H$m` Zmhr &&
JméS`mMm I{i nXg{ jU^a
V¡gm hm g§gma nXg{ Iam &&
Zm_m åhU{ nVW{ H$mhr Zg{ ]a{
jUmM{ h{ Ia{ gd© Amh{ &&

****

ne§[r`mÀ`m H$wir OÝ_ _mPm Pmbm
[na h{Vy Jw§Vbm gXmnedr &&
amÌr _mOr nedr nXgm _mOr nedr
AmamUyH$ nOdr Zmhr _mÂ`m &&
gwB AmnU gVyir H$ar JO Xm{am
_m§nSbm [gmam gXmnedr &&
Zm_m åhU{ nedr ndRm{]mMr A§Jr
Ë`mM{Zr _r OJr YÝ` Pmbm{ &&

****

nH¬ñZm gm§^mb a{, gm§^mb A[wë`m Jm`r
Amåhr A[wë`m Kamgr OmVm{ ^m`r &&
Vw_r Wm{bë`m [mVbmM{ bm{H$
Vwåhm _Ybm _{ Jbr] hm`{ {EH$
_Obm åh§Vm b{ Om`r Jm`r bmI
nH$Vr _r Ymdy b{ H$mQm bmJbm [m`r &&
H$mbr n[dbr b{ Jm` Amh{ VmÝh{br
`m `m Jdë`mMr Ydbr Jm` [bmbr
_O X{Im{Zr Vm{ Jdbr hmH$m _mbr
_mPr H$m§]br Ë`mZ{ nhñH$wZr K{Vbr Wmbr &&
H¥ îU åhU{ a{ CJm amhr ]m{]S`m
VwÂ`m Jm`r _rM dindVm{ JS`m
Zmhr Var YSrZ a{ Jm{[mim§À`m Om{S`m
Zm_m åhU{ a{ Jm{ï am{H$Sr [mhr &&

****

^n·VndU{ nOU{, Oim{ bmnOadmU{
g§gma ^m{JU{, XwIé[ &&
EH$ EH$ `m{Zr, H$m{Qr H$m{Qr \${am
_Zwî` X{hdmam _J bmJ{ &&
drg bj `m{Zr djm _Ü`{ ¿`mì`m
OiMar ^m{Jmì`m Zdbj &&
AH$a bj `m{Zr nH$aSm _Ü`{ ¿`mì`m
Xe bj ^m{Jmì`m [ú`m§_Ü`{ &&
nVg bj `m{Zr [ew§nM`{ Kar
_mZdm n^Var Mmar bj &&
Zm_m åhU{ V{§ìhm, ZaX{h `m Zam
V`mZ{ _mV{am, H${bm _wT{ &&

****

_m§Oa{ H${br {EH$mXer, Bidar hm{V{ C[dgr
`ËZ H$naVm [maÊ`mgr, Ymdm{Zr Jdgr C§nXé &&
bm§SJm ]¡gbm Ü`mZñV, Vm{dar Ag{ nZdm§V
Od [{Q gwQ{ [m{QmV, _J KmV H$ar dËgmMm &&
d{í`m Pmbr [nVd¬Vm, nVMm ^md Amg{ XwíV nMÎmm
nVgr Zmhr AmnUH$ nM§Vm [aXdmam dmMm{Zr &&
E{em àH$maÀ`m ^n·V, AgVr Ë`m Z{Um{ nH$Vr
EH$ Am{i§Jm bú_r[nV,åhU{ ndîUwXmg Zm_m &&

****

gXJwé dmMm{Zr Zm_ Z `{ hmVm
gmYZ gmYrVm H$m{QrJwU{ &&
O¡gm H$m§V{ndU H$aU{ g§gma
V¡gm hm ì`m[ma, gmYZm§Mm &&
O§d gXJwé H${bm äaVma
gmYZ ndMma ì`W© J{bm &&
Zm_X{d åhU{ gXJwé [mgm{Zr
Zm_ ¿`m OmUm{Zr, ZmZm H$mhr &&

****

Vy _mPr _mCbr, _r dm{ VwPm VmÝhm
[mOr à{_ [mÝhm, [m§Swa§J{ &&
Vy _mPr [njUr, _r VwP{ A§SO
Mmam Kmbr _O, [m§Swa§J{ &&
Vy _mPr hnaUr _r VwP{ [mSg
Vm{Sr ^d[me [m§Swa§J{ &&
Zm_m åhU{ hm{gr ^·VrMm dëb^
_mJ{ [wT{ C^m gm§^mirgr &&

****

Zm_mMm JOa, JO©{ ^r_mVra
_nh_m gO{ Wm{a VwO {EH$ &&
Mmar d{X, ^mV hm{CZr JO©Vr
gZH$mnXH$ JmVr, nH$V©r VwPr &&
gwadam§M{ ^ma, A§JUr Sm{bVr
MaUaO njVr, ned d§Xr &&
Zm_m åhU{ X{d, E{gm hm{ H$[miy
H$naVm{ gm§^miy, AZmWm§Mm &&

****

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