Modern India: A golden age in India when the Rajputs controlled the Northern regions, Chalukyas in the Deccan and the great Chola dynasty ruled the South. Religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Zoroastrianism.
Modern Pakistan, Afghanistan and Persia: The Turk Seljuks ruled Iran and Afghanistan. Art flourished, Theology and Science found a patron in this kingdom. Omar Khayyam belongs to this time. Religions: Islam and Hinduism.