1280 CE Map

Modern India: Ghuri made invasions in India, and left his slave General Qutbudin Aibak to rule. Religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Zoroastrianism and Islam.

Modern Pakistan, Afghanistan and Persia: In 1220, the Mongol empire expanded into Iran under Genghis Khan. Hundreds of thousands of Iranians were killed during the early years of Mongol expansion. Eventually the Mongols converted to Islam, but they destroyed the culture developed by the earlier Islamic dynasties. Religions: Islam and Hinduism.