Modern India: Alladdin Khilji expanded his rule over almost the whole subcontinent. Rajput states fierecly maintained independance. Religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Zoroastrianism and Islam.
Modern Pakistan, Afghanistan and Persia: After the Genghis Khan dynasty Iran and Afghanistan were ruled by small kingdoms like the Muzaffarids, Jalayirids, Sarbadars and Kartids. Religions: Islam and Hinduism.