Modern India: Tughlaqs ruled northern parts of India. The Vijaynagar kingdom prospered in the south. Bahamani came to rise in the Deccan. Religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Zoroastrianism and Islam.
Modern Pakistan, Afghanistan and Persia: Golden age of Islam in Iran. Art, mediciene, literature, science flourished. Religions: Islam and Hinduism (in modern Pakistan, Afghanistan).