Modern India, Pakistan and Afghanistan: Mughal empire in India. Golden age for art, music and architecture. Religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikh, Zoroastrianism and Islam.
Modern Afghanistan and Persia: Safavid's (1502-1736) ruled Persia and parts of Afghanistan. Many new monuments were built during their rule. Religions: Islam, Sikh and Hinduism.