Modern India, Pakistan and Afghanistan: This is the India before the rise of empires like Maurya that united the nation. This is the India that is made of many independant states. These states came to be known as mahaa janapadha. Religions: Hinduism, Jainism and various Tribes.
Persia: Persia was ruled by the Median Dynasty. (728-550 BCE) Religions: Zoroastrianism and other tribes.