Modern India: Great Chola kingdom prospered in the South. Religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, and Zoroastrianism.
Modern Pakistan and Afghanistan and Persia: Ghaznavids were of Turkish Muslim dynasty, who captured power in 970 CE. Mahmud Gazni of this dynasty attacked and looted India (and Pakistan) 17 times. It was now that the conversion of Persia and Afghanistan to Islam became obvioius. Religions: Islam, Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, and Hinduism.