In 1420 Turks closed the trade route between Europe and India. Europeans set out to find routes to India. Portugese Vasco-da-gama was successful in finding the sea route to India via the Cape of Good Hope in 1498.
In 1510 Portugese commander Afonso de Albuquerque captured Goa from Adil Shah. Though his successors expanded the territories, they lost most to British except Diu, Daman and Goa which were retained until 1961.
Struggle for freedom:
1954: Jai Hind Movement: Satyagrahis from within and across the borders entered Goa to liberate the territory. Portuguese suppressed the peaceful movement by oppressive measures. The village Patradevi, saw inhuman firings against unarmed satyagrahis.14 years of 'Satyagraha', and 'non-violence' yeilded no results. At last, on Dec 19, 1961, Indian Government took military action against the foreign rule in its land. Armed Forces of the Indian Government, under the leadership of Lt. General Candeth, entered Goa from its northern border and liberated Goa, in a near bloodless action