Chola Dynasty: 850-1048 AD
The Chola dynasty rose to prominence when in 850 their King Vijayalaya
defeated the Pallavas. Cholas snatched Tanjore from Pallavas and made it their capital.
The most important ruler of Chola was Rajaraja I. He was one
of the greatest kings of the South India and was known as "Rajaraja the
Great". Rajaraja I captured Madras, Madurai, Mysore, and Sri Lanka. To
protect trade with China, Rajaraja I and his able son Rajendra, brought
the Maldive Islands and Sumatra, Andaman and Nicobar islands, and other
places in Malaya Peninsula under the Chola rule.
Rajendra Chola was also a able ruler like his father.
He even went upto Bengal. He was victorious upto the banks of Ganges.
He assumed the title of "Gangaikonda" (the victor of Ganges). On his
way he built a new capital called Gangaikonda Cholapuram. His reign is
called the Golden Age of Cholas.
Few kings like Kulottunga, were maintained the power of Cholas. But after Rajendra's death the Chola kingdom began to decline.
A lineage of great Kings and queens, who spoke and
encouraged Telgu. They built many forts, on mountains, land, and sea.
The last king Prataprudra defeated Alladin Khilji when he was first
attacked in 1303. In 1310, after another war, he agreed to pay heavy
tributes to Malik Kafur (Alladin's general.) After the death of
Alladin-Khilji in 1318, Prataprudra witheld the tribute. In 1321
Ghiaz-ud-din Tughlaq marched with a large army, and took Prataprudra as
a prisoner to Delhi. Prataprudra died on the way to Delhi. Thus ended
the glorious rule of Kaktiyas.
Sala was the founder of Hoysala dynasty. Hoysalas ruled
from Belur. Later they shifted their capital to Halebid. Alladin
Khilji, defeated this kingdom between 1308-1312.
Hoysalas built as many as 1500 temples. The style of
their architechture became famous as the Hoysala style. Most famous are
the temples of Belur and Halebid with intricate carvings