Brief History‎ > ‎Golden Phase‎ > ‎


320 - 600 - gupta 606 - 647 - harshavardhana 546 - 800 - karkota 730 - 1197 - palas senas 750 - 920 - pratihars 950 - 1947 - rajput
423 - 753 - chalukya 753 - 973 - rashtrakut 973 - 1190 - chalukya 1190 - 1310 - yadav
850 - 1048 - cholas 1190 - 1312 - hoysalas 1190 - 1321 - kaktiyas

Rajput Kingdoms:

Rajputs held the status of revenue collectors in the Pratihar kingdom. When the Pratihar power grew weak, Rajputs established independant states. Prominent among them were: Chauhans of Ajmer, Gadhwals of Kanauj, Ranas of Mewad, Solankis of Gujarat, Paramaras of Malwa, Chandellas of Bundelkhand, and Tomaras of Gwalior.

Chandellas of Bundelkhand

1250: They ruled over parts of Orissa and Madhya pradesh. In 1250s AD, Tughan Khan attacked the Chandellas in Orrisa. The Chandella king Narasimha Deva defeated Tughan Khan. To commemorate his victory, Narasimha Deva erected the Sun Temple at Konark. The Chandella kings also built the Jagannath temple at Puri, and many temples of Khujerao.

Chouhans of Ajmer

1190: Prithviraj Chauhan ruled Rajasthan and Punjab from two capitals, Pithoragadh (Delhi) and Ajmer. Turk, Muhammad of Ghur conquered Lahore and Sindh and reached the border of Rajasthan. Prithviraj Chauhan defeated Ghuri in the first battle (1191AD). Ghuri returned next year, defeated and captured Prithviraj.

Gahadwals of Kannuaj

1190: Govindchandra Gahadwal founded the Gahadwal kingdom. They ruled from Kannauj. Jaichandra Gadhawal's daughter Sanyogita eloped with his rival Prithviraj Chauhan, against his wishes. Thus Jaichandra remained in Ghadwal when Prithviraj was defeated by Ghuri in 1192. Two years later, Jaichandra was defeated and killed by Ghuri.

Ranas of Mewad

1320: Rana Ratan Singh was ruling Mewad from Chittor. Alauddin Khilji attacked Chittod to gain the heavenly beauty, Rani Padmini. Alauddin defeated Rana, but the proud Rajput queen killed herself.

1527: Rana Sangram Singh was killed in the battle of Sikri, against Babar. His infant son Udai Singh, was saved from his treacherous brother by the child's nurse, Panna. After Udai Singh attained youth, he defeated his uncle and became the king of Chittod.

1567: Akbar captured Chittod. The king Udai Singh fled to the hills with his nobles Rana Sanga, Jaimall and Patta. With the fall of Chittor, other Rajput kings (of Ranthambhor, Bundelkhand, Bikaner and Jaisalmer) submitted to Akbar. Akbar gave them high ranks in his military. Udai Singh maintained his independence though he lost his capital.

1572: Rana Pratap took charge after Udai Singh's death. Rana Pratap defeated Akbar in the first battle of HaldiGhati.

1576: Mughals led by Man Singh of Amber and Asaf Khan defeated Rana Pratap at HaldiGhat. He managed to escape to the hills, with his devoted chief Jhala. Rana Pratap continued the wars and recovered most of the territories before he died in 1597.

1599: Amar Singh Rana Pratap's son, was finally defeated by Man Singh, when Jehangir was ruling Delhi.


1564: Rani Durgavati a brave rajput queen, ruled Gondwana on behalf of her son Bir Bahadur. Both were killed in the battle with Akbar (which he won) in 1564.

Paramars of Malwa

1565: Baz Bahadur and his beautiful wife Rani Rupmati ruled Malwa. The king did not bother to look after his kingdom nor did he maintain a strong army. The Mughals defeated Baz Bahadur and captured his queen Rupmati. Being a proud Rajput, she killed herself. Baz Bahadur fled to Chittod, to seek help.


1690: Sawai Jai Singh II founded the city of Jaipur. He ruled from Jaipur between 1693 and 1743. The astronomer-king, designed and built 4 observatories at Jaipur, Ujjain, Delhi and Varanasi. The observatories, called Jantar Mantar are equipped to calculate the rotation of the sun, moon, planets and stars to an amazing degree of accuracy.