Gautamiputra Satakarni was the most famous king in this dynasty. He defeated the Sakas(Scythian), Yavanas (Greeks) and Pahlavas (Parithans). Sri Yajna Satakarni was the last great king in this dynasty. After him, the empire began to decline.
The Satavahanas inaugurated the Shalivahana Shaka. Satavahanas were very able rulers. Their empire was divided into provinces called Aharas, each under an Amatya (minister). They had a large army. They were lovers of literature and architecture. Prakrit was the court language. Women took part in assemblies.
The Karle caves in Maharashtra were built during this
period. Some caves of Ajanta were also built during this period. The
construction of 29 galleries of Ajantha Caves continued until 650 AD.
Vakatakas were tributaries to Guptas for @30 years between 380-410 AD. But later Guptas had to make compromises with the powerful Vakatakas. During their rule, Maharashtra witnessed an overall development in the fields of learning, the arts and religion. The famous poem Harivijay was composed during this period. Few Ajanta caves belong to the Vakataka period.
Kalachuri:Ruled in northern parts of Maharashtra from Mahishmati.
Salankayana:They ruled over a part of the East Coast with Vengi as their capital.Vishnukundin:Ruled the territory between the Krishna and Godavari from Indrapura.
The Pallava kings constructed a number of stone temples in the seventh and eighth centuries. The most famous are the ones at Mahabalipuram.
The Pandyas in Madurai had established control by the sixth century. Their territory was the southern-most and the south-eastern portion of the Indian peninsula. In the early eleventh century, the powerful Cholas subjugated them.
The Pandya country was prosperous and the kings profited from trade with the Roman Empire. Tamil poets from southern India assembled at Madurai under the patron Pandyas.Cheras of the Malabar