Shakas (Scythian) @130 BC
Shakas came from middle east. They defeated the Greek kings in the
northwestern territory, and ruled in Kathiawar and Malwa. It seems that
they were zoarastrians, but later embaraced Hinduism. The famous king
in this lineage was Rudraman
who composed Sanskrit poetry. The Kushans stopped their progress on the
north boundary, and the Satavahanas checked their progress to the
south. This kingdom ended when the mighty Guptas conquered them.
Pahlavas (Parthians) @100BC
The Parthians ruled small territory in the western India. Satvahans defeated this dynasty too.
Kushan Dynasty 78 - 144 AD
The Yeuhchi tribe was forced to leave China. They spread to Bactria, Paritha and Gandhar. One of its branches was Kushans. Kujala
was the first kings of Kushans. Kujula came under influence of Hinduism and proclaimed himself Maheshwar
Kanishka was the most famous of the Kushan kings. He annexed
three provinces of the Chinese empire, namely, Tashkand, Khotan and
Yarkhand. He had two capitals at Purushpura (Peshawar)and at Mathura in
west Uttar Pradesh. His court was adorned by scholars like Ashvaghosha,
Vasumitra, Nagarjun and great physician Charaka.
The Kushans were overthrown by the Sassanians of Persia in the north-west.
The Greeks, Shakas and Kushanas invaded India. After some initial
collision with the Indian society, they merged into it as different
castes and sub-castes. No longer were they remembered as invaders